Spark Garage Doors

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Garage Door Springs

Garage door springs play a vital role in the operation of overhead garage doors, providing the necessary force to lift and lower the heavy door. There are two primary types of garage door springs: torsion springs and extension springs. Each type has its characteristics and functions, contributing to the smooth and efficient operation of the garage door.

Torsion Springs

Torsion springs are an essential component of a garage door system, responsible for helping to lift and lower the heavy door. These tightly wound metal springs are located above the garage door and work by twisting and storing energy when the door is closed. When the door is opened, this stored energy is released, helping to lift the door smoothly and effortlessly.

Torsion springs come in various sizes and strengths, depending on the weight and size of the garage door. It is crucial to have the right size and strength of torsion springs installed for optimal performance. Torsion springs come in many types. Listed below are some types of torsion springs.

Types of Garage Door Torsion Springs

Torsion springs are a crucial component of a garage door system, as they help to counterbalance the weight of the door and assist in its smooth operation. Our Centennial garage door repair experts explain the types of torsion springs that are commonly used in garage doors, each with its unique characteristics and benefits.

1. EZ-Set Torsion Springs

They are similar to the standard torsion springs though their hardware is different. They are normally mounted to the winders located on the ends of the shaft. They come with a black winder labelled “R” or “L” suggesting each should go to the right or left side of the garage door. A complex double-car garage requires two of these springs while a lighter one may do with a single spring. A single-car garage performs well with a single spring.

2. Standard Torsion Springs

They are commonly installed on residential doors of the garage where single or double springs are installed. This depends on the type of the door that determines its weight. To make the springs safer for garage users, they should be fixed to the anchor brackets in the middle of the door. It is advisable to mount two springs such that if one snaps or breaks, the other may hold the door in place hence preventing injuries.

3. Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster Torsion Springs

These spring models provide the safest door operations compared to other types. They are usually mounted inside the shafts that secure them in place using a stationary cone. A standard door of the garage uses one or two springs that effectively and safely raise and lower it during operations. On the opposite end of TorqueMaster, spring is a wind cone that passes through the cable extending past the end of the shaft. Winding can be done using an electric drill, a process facilitated by a special winder that holds the winding cone. However, for the newer doors, the use of a wrench is highly recommended.

4. Standard Commercial Torsion Springs

Light commercial garage doors make use of two standard commercial torsion springs. However, most commercial doors are heavy-duty in nature hence having more weight. In this case, they make use of four or more springs for effective weight support. The setup is normally done in four different ways:

  • Duplex system- Two large springs are mounted each on either side of the door and inside each spring is another smaller spring. This setup can lift heavy doors due to their extra torque.
  • Linear system- This involves four springs, two on each side of the door. This system is ideal for wider doors of the garage where large tracks go through. These springs cost less compared to others.
  • Mixed system- This entails a combination of linear, duplex, and triplex systems. Here, a set or more of triplex or duplex system springs are installed on either side of the door provided the shaft can accommodate them. This is a preferred option for heavy commercial doors.
  • Triplex system- Similar to duplex, two smaller springs are inserted into an outer large spring.

Characteristics of Torsion Springs:

Torsion springs are a common type of garage door spring that is used to counterbalance the weight of the garage door. These springs are mounted horizontally above the garage door and are wound tightly when the door is closed. When the door is opened, the tension in the spring is released, helping to lift the heavy door. Some of the key characteristics are

  1. Coil Design: Torsion springs are tightly wound coils of hardened steel typically installed horizontally above the garage door opening. The coils store and release energy to counterbalance the weight of the door.

  2. Durability: Torsion springs are known for their durability and longevity. They can withstand frequent use and maintain their performance over extended periods.

  3. Smooth Operation: Torsion springs provide smoother and more controlled movement compared to extension springs. This results in less noise and vibration during the opening and closing of the garage door.

  4. Safety: Torsion springs are considered safer than extension springs as they are installed parallel to the door tracks and enclosed within a metal tube or housing. This minimizes the risk of accidents or injuries caused by spring extension or breakage.

  5. Adjustability: Torsion springs can be adjusted to balance the garage door properly. Professional technicians use winding bars to adjust the tension of the springs to ensure smooth operation and prevent premature wear.

Extension Springs

Extension springs are commonly used in garage doors to provide the necessary tension and force to lift and lower the door smoothly. These springs are typically installed on both sides of the door, running parallel to the horizontal tracks.

Extension spring systems work by stretching and contracting as the garage door opens and closes. When the door is closed, these residential springs are in a state of tension, storing energy that will be released when the door is opened. This helps to counterbalance the weight of the door and make it easier to lift.

Types Of Garage Door Extension Springs

Garage door extension springs are a crucial component of the garage door system, as they help in lifting and lowering the door smoothly. There are two main types of garage door extension springs:

1. Sectional garage door extension spring

These are the most common types used for successful installation of residential doors. They stretch and pull on the cables to facilitate door operations, depositing their weight on the cables. A wire effectively acts as a safety cable for this type of spring. To be effectively mounted on the door, one end is usually fixed either to an open-eye bolt or an S-hook while the other is connected to a pulley using a pulley fork. A special kit is available for the commercial doors to allow for the mounting of multiple springs.

2. Piece garage door extension springs

These springs are mounted as a single large piece that pulls along the pivot pin to lift the weight of the door. Applying weather stripping on a door using this type of spring is not advisable as the door moves towards the inside and outside during operation. Therefore, doors using one-piece extension springs should be installed in environments with mild weather conditions.

Characteristics of Extension Springs:

Extension springs are a common type of garage door spring that can be found in many residential garage doors. These springs work by stretching and contracting to help lift and lower the garage door. Here are some important characteristics of extension springs:

  1. Stretch Design: Extension springs are elongated coils that stretch and contract as the garage door opens and closes. They are typically mounted on both sides of the door tracks and extend parallel to the horizontal tracks when the door is closed.

  2. Simplicity: Extension springs are relatively simple in design and installation, making them a cost-effective option for residential garage doors. They are easier to replace compared to torsion springs and require minimal maintenance.

  3. Space Requirements: Extension springs require more space along the horizontal tracks compared to torsion springs. This may limit the available clearance in the garage and affect the installation of ceiling-mounted storage systems or vehicle lifts.

  4. Safety Considerations: Extension springs pose a higher risk of accidents or injuries due to their exposed design. If not properly installed or maintained, extension springs can snap or become detached, causing the garage door to fall suddenly and potentially injure anyone nearby.

  5. Limited Lifespan: Extension springs typically have a shorter lifespan compared to torsion springs due to the repetitive stretching and contracting motion. Regular inspection and replacement are essential to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the garage door.

Homeowners should consult with professional garage door repair technicians in Centennial to determine the most suitable type of spring for their garage door based on factors such as door size, weight, and usage frequency. Regular maintenance and inspection are essential to ensure the safe and reliable operation of garage door springs and prolong their lifespan.